Software Engineering is a profession that is devoted in the design, implementation and modification of software in order for it to attain higher quality, become more affordable, can be maintain easily and fast and easy to build. This discipline mainly focuses on the application of a disciplined, systematic and quantifiable approach for developing, operating and maintaining of software. Professionals in this field also study these approaches in which engineering principles is applied to software integrating mathematics and computer science.
Software Engineer is an individual applying the principles of engineering and computer science in designing, developing, testing and evaluating the software and systems, which make computers or computer system work.
Software Engineer Education Requirements
Software engineering degree program is an engineering program that is recognized by the ABET. Hence, it is advisable that students be admitted to higher learning institutions offering the accredited software engineering degree program. Software engineer qualifications for becoming a professional are set forth by the National Council of Examiners for Engineering and Surveying or the NCEES. Students wanting to pursue a career in software engineering can contact the NCEES to know the guidelines and processes of qualifications. In order to become a software engineer, education requirements must be met first. Most employers are looking for software engineers with at least a holder of bachelor’s degree. It is possible for software engineers to uphold their engineering status by becoming a professional engineer. The requirements for becoming a professional engineer is the completion of BS degree, attending approved internships or Engineering Trainings, passing of the Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) exam that will lead to taking the Principles and Practice (PE) exams, which the aspiring professional must pass. There are governing regulations for the qualification in some States other than these and students must check them to their state.
The software engineer requirements for the undergraduate admission are basically involves graduating from high school; some higher learning institutions requires the minimum cumulative GPA (typically 3.0 or better), whilst some do not. The Bachelor of Science degree can be completed in three to four years with the main focus of study is with the computer science, information system and principles of engineering. The graduate studies in software engineering comprise of the Master of Science (MSc) and Doctor of Philos0phy (PhD). Admission to the MSc program requires completion of the BS degree with a GPA of 2.5 – 3.0 or better (GPA requirements vary by college/universities) and some universities requires their students to take GRE and have a cumulative score of at least 1000 points. MSc degree can be taken online or on-campus; the MSc degree is intended for working professional as a tool for advancement and progress. Students will be dealing with advance coursework and intensive hands-on trainings. On the other hand, admission to PhD also differs by college/universities. Some requires completion of MSc, some only requires BS completion. However, GPA and GRE scores are important; a GPA of 3.0 and GRE score of at least 1000 are required. Students can continue their research in this program with greater independence and depth.
Graduate degree holders can pursue new careers in the research and development field, in the academe as professors and head researchers and to take any leadership roles.
What courses count towards Software Engineer education requirements?
Software engineer required education is set by the ABET; the typical core courses, elective and general education that must be taken are: English, liberal arts, humanities, social science, mathematics, differential and integral calculus, linear and college algebra and trigonometry, applied sciences, system information, networking, computer science, informatics, computer engineering and software development.
What levels of degrees are available for Software Engineer?
There are different degree levels conferred by more than 50 universities/colleges offering the software engineering program. These are the Bachelor of Science (BS) and Master of Science (MSc), Master of Engineering (MEng) and the Doctor of Philosophy (PhD). It is normal that the students will be selecting their field of specialization in which they will be also taking some major and minor concentrations. Below are some examples:
- First Major: software engineering
- Second Major: computer software engineering
- First Minor: software development
- Second Minor: programming
What are the financial requirements to become a Software Engineer?
The approximate tuition fees in the Software engineer degree program are around $4,140 to $51,960. Examples of higher learning institutions offering this degree program are San Jose State University, Stratford University, Carnegie Mellon University, Rochester Institute of Technology and Fairfield University.
What the continuing education requirements for Software Engineer?
Software engineering deals with engineering, technology and computer science. These disciplines are always subject of advancement in order to develop high quality, affordable and easy-to-use software and related products. Some examples of Software engineer continuing education are taking graduate degrees (either MSc or PhD or both), participating to internships, trainings or certifications, attending to Software engineering seminars and conferences and so on.
Software engineer certification and certificates are viewed as tools for professional practice improvement. The Software Engineering Institute is one of the many organizations offering certifications on particular topics. Apple, Microsoft, IBM and other companies are also sponsoring their own certifications. Many certification programs are concerned toward particular technologies and these certifications are intended for the institutions needing those technologies.
What are the skills necessary to become a Software Engineer?
Software engineering career will entail obtaining some skills to become successful. Here are some examples:
- Problem-solving abilities
- Computer knowledge
- Critical thinking skills
- Attention to details
- Reading and writing comprehension
- Communication skills
- Mathematical and analytical skills
- Logical skills